The beginning of the 20th century saw a lot of development in computer sciences. Still, a whole new world of possibilities came to light when the first computer’s construction. Researchers J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly completed the first computer called the ENIAC in the year 1946 at the University of Pennsylvania, United States.
Not very late after this invention, around the year 1950, scientists, philosophers, mathematicians, and pioneers of sciences began suggesting the concept of a machine that could perform the functions that are familiar to human thinking that is Artificial Intelligence.
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How Alan Turing Helped Developing AI?
One such bright mind was a British mathematician, Alan Turing. He is famous for many inventions including turing test. His research paper, ‘Computing Machinery and Intelligence’ in the year 1950, discussed the idea of making machines that could make decisions and solve issues just like a human being can. And this idea was made popular among the general mass by science fiction that made people dream about having humanoid machines.
Alan Turing had a great vision about making such machines, and he discussed it in his published paper. However, a real-life approach to them was still a thing of the future. His actions were limited by the resources and technology present at that time. The computers were not advanced enough, and also, they were costly.
The Journey of Artificial Intelligence
AI achieved significant breakthrough in 1956. A program called ‘Logic Theorist‘ was able to mimic the problem-solving skills of a human. It was presented at the Dartmouth College Research Project on Artificial Intelligence (DSRPAI) hosted by John McCarthy and Marvin Minsky.
This Artificial Intelligence program proved the potential in front of the world’s pioneers and actuated the next 20 years of AI (Artificial Intelligence) research. In these 20 years, computers became faster and were able to process and store a lot more information than before. Machine Learning algorithms saw a huge development.
People mastered usage and understood which algorithms to use for which problems. This popularity raised the government’s interest and also enormous funds for further AI research and development. This progress came to an early stop, again due to the computers’ limitations at that time.
This journey re-ignited in the 1980s. Firstly, by the new methods like ‘deep learning‘ that allowed the computers to learn from experience and ‘expert systems’ that enabled a computer to mimic the decision making process of a field expert. Second, massive funding from the governments made computers more powerful & compact in processing and storage.
What Was AI Breakthrough?
But the end of the 1990s was not a good period for AI. The results produced by the government-funded projects were not satisfactory. Eventually, the funding stopped. This should have slowed down the development of AI. Ironically, but over the period of the next ten years, Artificial Intelligence reached significant heights. From that point, not only elites discussed about this topic.
In the year 1997, a program made by IBM members called ‘Deep Blue’ defeated the reigning world chess champion and grandmaster Garry Kasparov in the chess playing match. In the same year, Microsoft stuff developed a speech recognition software. Years later, a robot named Kismet could recognise and display emotions. It seemed like there is nothing a computer cannot do.
In 2002, a company called iRobot created the world’s first autonomous vacuum cleaner called Roomba. This demonstration showed the ordinary folks how AI could be used to improve their daily lives drastically.
How Artificial Intelligence Will Change The Future
Since then, we seen countless innovations and invention based on AI. All the electronic products in our homes ranging from our televisions to our refrigerators, became smarter because of AI. Even the mobile phones that perform countless actions so nonchalantly and read our behaviour patterns quickly. They even recognise our speeches by the power of thinking machine. From advanced robotic arms assembling our vehicle in the factories to the self-driven cars from Google and Tesla.
Even our space programs based on government funding that made the exploration of netherworlds, and the things beyond them easier run on Artificial Intelligence.
We live in the most technologically advanced age that humankind has ever seen, which is evident in our daily lives. Our computers now are capable enough to process and hold huge sums of information that is impossible for a single human to process.
This has given rise to the era of ‘big data‘. Application of AI has shown great promise in finance, marketing (Chatbots), networks and entertainment. The amount of data keeps growing every day. But the algorithms by which machines are made to learn have not been significantly improved. This hasn’t stopped the momentum, reasoning of broader development of system based AI.
The breakthroughs made regularly across different parts of the world disturbs the saturation in the fields of AI and computer development. This means more opportunities in the field of Artificial Intelligence. A level that it becomes a question of ethics and morals to make a computer smarter than it already is.